Meeting ID: 835 6265 6374 Passcode: 151296 One tap mobile +16465588656,,83562656374#,,,,*151296# US (New York) +13017158592,,83562656374#,,,,*151296# US (Washington DC)
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Abstract Background: Some people living near wind turbines have reported adverse health effects and taken the step to vacate/abandon their homes, while others contemplate doing so or have decided to remain in their homes. Research on the extent and outcomes of these events is lacking. To date, our preliminary findings and an overview of results have been published in the scientific literature. Methods: This study utilized a qualitative methodology, specifically Grounded Theory, to interview 67 residents of Ontario living within 10 km of an industrial wind turbine project. Objectives: Quantitative, qualitative and mixed methods research each has strengths and weaknesses in addressing particular research questions. The purpose of this article is to compare the qualitative and quantitative methodologies and to describe the benefits of having used a qualitative methodology, specifically Grounded Theory, to explore the events that influenced families living within 10 km of wind energy facilities to contemplate vacating their homes and to formulate a substantive theory regarding these housing decisions. Results: It was found that research into the impacts of siting industrial wind turbines in a rural residential population can be challenging for a quantitative methodological approach due to factors such as low population density, obtaining a sufficient sample, and achieving statistical power and statistical significance. We conclude that the Grounded Theory methodology was applicable to this study as it assisted with the development of a coherent theory which explained participants’ housing decisions. Discussion: This paper assesses the appropriateness of a qualitative methodology for conducting the vacated/abandoned home study. Through the utilization of the qualitative Grounded Theory methodology, government authorities, researchers, medical and health practitioners, social scientists and policy makers with an interest in health policy and disease prevention have the opportunity to gain an awareness of the potential risk of placing wind energy projects near family homes.
Share and Cite: Krogh, C.M., McMurtry, R.Y., Johnson, W.B., Dumbrille, A., Alves-Pereira, M., Punch, J.L., Hughes, D., Rogers, L., Rand, R.W., James, R., Am- brose, S.E. and Gillis, L. (2021) Grounded Theory as an Analytical Tool to Explore Housing Decisions Related to Living in the Vicinity of Industrial Wind Turbines. Open Access Library Journal, 8, 1-22. doi: 10.4236/oalib.1107233.
The Madison County Board of Supervisors in Iowa approved a new county wind ordinance on December 22, 2020. Specifics of the ordinance are provided below. The full ordinance can be downloaded from the document links on this page.
Noise shall not exceed 40 dBA Lmax (fast) as the desired maximal (day or night) noise limit to protect from adverse effects of audible (closer-originating) noise.
Noise shall not exceed 60 dBC Lmax (fast) as the desired maximal (day or night) noise limit to protect from adverse effects of infrasound, low-frequency noise (ILFN) that contributes to sleep disturbance, among other effects and can travel much farther than audible sound. Wind turbine noise, at any time of the day or night, cannot exceed the above specified limits at any point along a non-participating Property Line (not the nearest residence) to be in compliance. Both limit regulations are essential to more fully protect exposed residents.
A report prepared by a qualified third-party using the most current modeling software available establishing that no Occupied Residence will experience more than thirty (30) hours per year, or more than thirty (30) minutes per day, of Shadow Flicker at the nearest external wall based on a “real world” or “adjusted case” assessment modeling. The report must show the locations and estimated amount of shadow flicker to be experienced at all Occupied Residences as a result of the individual Turbines in the Project.
No amount of Shadow Flicker may fall on or in a Non-Participating Landowner’s property. Shadow Flicker received on a Non-Participating Landowner’s Property requires that the offending turbine(s) be installed with the Optional Shadow Flicker System resulting in Zero Shadow Flicker on a Non-Participating Landowner’s Property. The Optional Shadow Flicker System will stop the C-WECS blades rotating during times when shadow flicker crosses a Non-Participating Landowner’s property.
Height and Number Limitations
The Total Height of any C-WEC, IWT, Turbine in Madison County shall not exceed 500 feet.
No Project shall have more than 51 total Turbines. Projects shall not be split in order to avoid this restriction.
At no time shall the total number of permitted and installed C-WECS in Madison County exceed 51 turbines.
Generating Capacity Limits
A limit of 2.3 MW of generating capacity per unit, C-WECS, IWT.
Adjacent Property Lines:
– 1.5 mile from a Non-Participating Landowner’s Property Line. – 2100 feet from a Participating Landowner’s Property Line.
– 1.5 mile from a Non-Participating Landowner’s Property Line. – 2100 feet from a Participating Landowner’s Occupied Residence Property Line.
Occupied, Non-residential Building: 1.25 mile from Property Line.
Confinement Feeding Operation Building: 1500 feet from property line
Public Road Right-of-Way: 0.5 miles from nearest edge
Open Ditch: 1500 feet from nearest edge
Public Conservation Areas, sites on the National Historical Registry, Covered Bridges: 1.5 miles from Property Line.
Private-Owned Documented Conservation Areas: 1.5 miles from Property Line.
NOTICE OF PUBLIC MEETING FOR PLANNING MATTERS Get involved with your input. The Township of West Lincoln Planning/Building/Environmental Committee will hold a Public Meeting in accordance with the Planning Act where the matter(s) below will be considered. The meeting will take place:
VIRTUAL OPEN HOUSE VIRTUAL PUBLIC MEETING DATE: December 22nd, 2020 DATE: Monday, January 11th, 2021 TIME: 6:30 – 8 PM TIME: 6:30PM LOCATION: ZOOM Meeting* LOCATION: ZOOM Meeting* *Please see below for further details on how to participate on Zoom or through an alternative method
About the Planning Application: File No. and Name: 1701-005-19 – Township of West Lincoln – Renewable Energy Policies The Township of West Lincoln has commenced an Official Plan Amendment process to create new Official Plan policies regarding Renewable Energy Policies within the Township. The Green Energy and Green Economy Act was first approved in 2009 by the Provincial Government and placed the approval and authority for all Green Energy applications at the Provincial level. Local land use planning policies were over ridden by that act. The current government has now repealed most of this previous legislation resulting in the need for local renewable energy land use planning policy again.
Staff is proposing the Township of West Lincoln Official Plan be amended by adding Section 13.4 to the consolidated Township of West Lincoln Official Plan. The amendment proposes that if a renewable energy system is being installed for the benefit of one house or one property and less than 10 KW then no amendment to the Official Plan is required and only regulations of the Zoning By-law would apply. Also, if a renewable energy system is being installed for the benefit of one house or one property and is greater than 10KW then this would require an Official Plan Amendment. The current Zoning provisions will be updated to implement this proposed policy change. A copy of the draft policy can be found on the Township’s website by searching the File name and number.
If you have any questions about this application, please contact the following planner:
Name: Brian Treble, Director of Planning and Building Call: 905-957-5138
How to have your comments heard: Due to COVID-19, the Township will be hosting public meetings via ZOOM, an online video-conferencing system.
We will also be hosting a virtual open house via ZOOM on Tuesday, December 22nd, 2020 at 6:30 p.m. To register for the Virtual Open Houses, please contact the Township Planning Department.
Please submit your written comments by 4 PM Tuesday January 5th, 2021 to have them included in Staff’s report for the application in advance of the January 11th, 2021 Public Meeting.
If you submit comments after this date, they will not be included in Staff’s report. Please ensure all comments have been submitted prior to Friday, January 8th, 2021 at 4pm. The comments will instead then be read into the public record during the meeting.
While residents are encouraged to make written submissions to the committee, members of the public will also be able to provide verbal comments at Committee and Council through Zoom.
Please contact the Township Clerk by email at firstname.lastname@example.org or by phone at 905-957-3346, ext 5136 to register to speak at the meeting and you will be provided a link.
Please state the date of the meeting and the file number you wish to address. If you are not able to access ZOOM through a computer, there is an option to call into the meeting through phone numbers and a code provided.
If you wish to participate and cannot access the meeting through Zoom through a computer or by calling in, please notify the Clerk and all efforts will be made to accommodate your needs. To register for the Virtual Open House, please contact the Township Planning Department.
Important information about making a submission
~If a person or public body does not make oral submissions at a public meeting or make written submissions to the Township of West Lincoln Planning/Building/Environmental Committee before a by-law is passed, the person or public body is not entitled to appeal the decision of the Council of the Township of West Lincoln to the Local Planning Appeal Tribunal.
~If a person or public body does not make oral submission at a public meeting, or make written submissions to the Township of West Lincoln Planning/Building/Environmental Committee before a by-law is passed, the person or public body may not be added as a party to the hearing of an appeal before the Local Planning Appeal Tribunal unless, in the opinion of the Tribunal, there are reasonable grounds to do so.
~Individuals who make written submissions with respect to a Planning Act application should be aware that their submission and any personal information in their correspondence will become part of the public record and made available to the Applicant, Committee and Council.
For more information The documents and background material for this application can be made available by contacting West Lincoln’s Planning Department at: Phone: 905-957-3346 E-mail: email@example.com Website: www.westlincoln.ca
Copies of the Staff Report will be available Friday January 8th, 2021 after 4 PM on the Township’s website.
If you would like to be notified of Township Council’s decision with respect to any planning application, you must make a written request (specifying which file number) to: Joanne Scime, Clerk Phone: 905-957-3346 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Dated: December 10th, 2020
Planning and Development Department 318 Canborough St. P.O. Box 400 Smithville, ON, L0R 2A0 T: 905-957-3346 • F: 905-957-3219 www.westlincoln.ca
The South Gippsland Shire Council and local residents have won a legal fight against the Bald Hills Wind Farm (BHWF) near Tarwin Lower, about 150 kilometres south-east of Melbourne.
A council in Victoria’s south-east has won a historic legal battle against a wind farm near Tarwin Lower
Last year, the operator of the Bald Hills Wind Farm sued the South Gippsland Shire Council after a report found turbine noise was affecting the wellbeing of nearby residents
The Supreme Court yesterday ruled there were no legal errors made by the council
The operator of the windfarm sued the council in March last year after it commissioned an independent report, which found noise from the farm’s turbines was having an adverse impact on the comfort and wellbeing of residents.
The company appealed against the council’s findings and sought a judicial review of the report, claiming it was incorrect and unlawful, but the Supreme Court yesterday ruled no legal errors were made throughout the council’s investigation….
A BUDGET BILL submitted by the Governor
in accordance with Article VII of the Constitution
AN ACT to amend the public service law, the economic development
law, the real property tax law, the general municipal law,
the public authorities law, the environmental conservation
law, the New York state urban development corporation act
and the state finance law, in relation to accelerating the
growth of renewable energy facilities to meet critical
state energy policy goals (Part );…….
Cuomo wants more state control of solar, wind energy permits
LBANY – Large-scale solar and wind projects would be subject to a dramatically new permitting process controlled only by the Cuomo administration – a plan developers say would cut by years the time to it takes for large renewable energy facilities to be approved in New York.
Local government officials, however, say it will sharply reduce the role communities now play in the process for siting larger energy projects.
“What little opportunity we have to have any say in the matter is completely taken away,” said Wright Ellis, supervisor of the Town of Cambria, where a solar project on 900 acres called Bear Ridge has been a controversial fight for nearly two years.
“I’m very concerned because, traditionally, land use has been the province of the local government. … This just cancels that out completely,” Ellis said.
Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo wants his economic development agency to create a new Office of Renewable Energy Permitting to handle permitting procedures for big solar and wind projects, though there appears to be opportunities for some smaller projects, such as those known as “community solar,” to bypass local government oversight and go directly to Albany for needed approvals…….
The New York State Conference of Mayors, which represents city and village officials, added its concerns about Cuomo’s plan, saying that it would lead to “no meaningful role for local governments as representatives of their communities” in siting decisions for solar and wind projects.
Will wind turbine debate blow ill will on TVO’s “Political Blind Date”?
Published on: February 19, 2020|By: Frances Learment
A Port Elgin couple who allege the Unifor wind turbine in Port Elgin caused a long list of debilitating health issues will be part of the conversation Feb. 25 on TVO’s “Political Blind Date.”
The edition features Bill Walker, PC MPP (Bruce-Grey-Owen Sound) – who has called for a moratorium on new wind power development – and Associate Minister for Energy, and Peter Tabuns, NDP MPP (Toronto-Danforth) and the debate will include hydro rates, energy policies, and community windmills…..
The Ontario Court of Justice has determined there are “reasonable and probable grounds” to believe environmental offences have been committed by Ontario’s Minister of the Environment, ministry staff and three industrial wind companies in Chatham-Kent.
According to court documents, the charges come from the Environmental Protection Act.
Eric Gillespie, a Toronto-based lawyer, represents complainants who have been experiencing problems with their water wells.
“When somebody believes there has been an offence committed, they can go directly to the courts,” said Gillespie. “One local resident went last week before a justice of the peace, who heard information and formed the opinion that there were grounds to believe offences had been committed.”
One witness called to court is Christine Burke, who spoke to CBC in February 2018 about the problems with her water well.
Burke was not permitted to speak to CBC now that she’s named as a witness in the court proceedings.
As a result, the summons to appear in court were issued to the Ministry of Environment, the minister of the environment and the three companies.
According to court documents and Gillespie, the charges are for ongoing actions since 2017.
In one, Jeff Yurek, minister of the environment, is named as failing to “take all reasonable care to prevent the installation and operation of the wind turbines at East Lake St. Clair Wind Farm, run by Engie Canada and at the North Kent 1 Wind Farm run by Pattern Energy Group and Samsung Renewable Energy from discharging or causing or permitting the discharge of contaminants.”
Those contaminants include black shale and potentially hazardous metals….
Residents have reported being exposed to cement dust used for access road construction for Nation Rise wind. BOREA is the on-site construction company hired by EDP Renewables. EDP was awarded a renewable energy approval on May 4, 2018. BOREA is the same company, named among other defendants, in the West Lincoln $10 million personal injury and damage lawsuit currently being heard before the courts.
During the construction of Niagara Wind residents were forced to seek emergency health care after becoming ill after exposure to dust from that project’s construction.