Category Archives: Health

What is in our well water?

“The people whose well water has apparently been impacted during and following the construction of Industrial Wind Turbines in our part of Chatham-Kent need to know if their drinking water is actually safe to drink, cook with and to use for bathing as well as feed to their fuzzy friends and livestock. Your financial assistance will make this possible.”

Christine Burke

Please consider making a donation at: Gofundme

My name is Christine Burke and I’ve been married to my husband Terry for 39 years. We live in a rural century home in the former Township of Dover, now part of the municipality of Chatham-Kent, in Ontario. Terry was born and raised in our home as was his father, Wayne.  Grampa and Gramma lived to the ages of 99 and 94 drinking, cooking, bathing and laundering with their crystal-clear well water that is sourced from the thousands-of-years-old aquifer that underlies much of Chatham-Kent. We raised our children with the same water, from the same well.

Then in 2009, Boralex started construction on top of this “highly vulnerable aquifer” and between 2012 and 2013, fifty-five more Industrial Wind Turbines were constructed in Dover by GDF Suez (now Engie Canada) and at that time our well water turned black. We are not the only family that had their well water impacted in the same way. The discoloration and increased turbidity of our well water and that of other families is due to an increased amount of very fine-grained sediment within the water. The presence of that sediment was, and remains extremely worrisome from a health perspective because it is known to include a component of very fine clay- and silt-sized particles that are likely derived from a metals-rich black shale.

Because of what had happened in Dover we warned our municipal and provincial governments that if the thirty-four wind turbines of the proposed North Kent 1 Industrial Wind Complex were permitted to be built in 2017, on the same aquifer that was impacted in Dover, more families in Chatham-Kent were going to experience interference with their well water resulting in the presence of metals-rich sediment. And sadly, it happened just as we said it would, just as we predicted. It was a heartbreaking experience to wait, watch and witness families as they saw the quality and possibly the potability of their well water destroyed during the construction and operation of yet more Industrial Wind Turbines.

On May 5, 2018, the Premier of Ontario, Doug Ford, promised in writing a Health Hazard Investigation of well water which was then reduced to an All Hazard Investigation, two different protocols. In the end, the All Hazard Investigation was confined to the North Kent 1 Industrial Wind Complex and we, the impacted families living in Dover and within the footprint of the earlier Industrial Wind developments, were excluded.

Furthermore, the Investigation in North Kent 1 failed at one of its primary objectives which was to sample and analyze the sediment that is causing the discoloration and turbidity of the water from many wells and that is known to contain potentially toxic substances.

The Expert Panel that advised the All Hazard Investigation explicitly recommended, in its Report, that further studies of the well water should be carried out including the analysis of the sediment contained therein. To this date, no elected official or government agency has indicated their intention to sample and analyze the sediment. 

In the absence of any government action upon the recommendation of the Expert Panel to analyze sediment from well water, our household proceeded to have such work done on a sample taken from our own well. With the help of friends, family and some people we have never met, we had sediment from our well water analyzed at an accredited laboratory. The results indicate that the particles of clay- and silt-sized sediment (not “sand”, as previously stated by Chatham-Kent’s Medical Officer of Health, Dr. David Colby) contains concentrations of potentially toxic metals including Antimony, Arsenic, Barium, Cadmium, Lead and Nickel.

Those results are especially alarming because we, and other residents are not able to filter the extremely fine, clay- and silt-sized metals-rich particles from our domestic water supplies.

Our concern is that there may be other rural residents drinking, cooking or bathing with well water that might contain similar, potentially toxic sediment. They may also be feeding it to their pets and/or livestock thinking it to be safe. It is urgent that more households carry out the type of analyses we recently completed in order to make informed decisions on the quality of their domestic water supply.

The laboratory analysis, approximately US$685 per sample, along with the additional expense of an accredited hydrogeologist to retrieve the water samples, represents an expense that is beyond the reach of many families. Therefore, we hope to raise funds to help other residents to defray all or part of the costs of analyses for potentially toxic metals in their domestic water supply.

With your donation, we can follow through with the crucial analytical work that our governments have failed to do. The people whose well water has apparently been impacted during and following the construction of Industrial Wind Turbines in our part of Chatham-Kent need to know if their drinking water is actually safe to drink, cook with and to use for bathing as well as feed to their fuzzy friends and livestock. Your financial assistance will make this possible.

Thank you so very much for any help you can provide.  

Following is a link to a slide show providing background information on the water well situation in Chatham-Kent.

Health Hazard Exists

Presentation to the Eastern Ontario Health Unit Board of Directors’ public meeting on August 18, 2022 by Ruby Mekker and Tammy McRae.

Fighting against reported adverse impacts from wind facilities.

Nation Rise Wind, North Stormont, Ontario, Canada

No recourse: Ontario’s green energy dream has turned into a nightmare

No recourse: Ontario’s green energy dream has turned into a nightmare|Ottawa Life Magazine, July 28, 2022|By: Mckenzie Donovan

Nation Rise wind project community open house pre-construction

“Wind farms are more than just an eye sore. Turbines also produce light pollution at night, as they are required to have bright lights to warn off aircraft. They taint the countryside with irritating noise and are causing or amplifying health problems such as insomnia and more severe issues, including hearing impairment and cardiovascular issues. In 2018, the European Environment Agency, based on information provided by the World Health Organization,stated that noise disturbance causes these health issues.”


No recourse: Ontario’s green energy dream has turned into a nightmare

When the fiction of green energy met with the facts it led to misery for a North Stormont, Ontario family.

Wind Turbines Can Harm HumANs

Carmen Krogh gave a recent presentation on new research exploring why people living within 10 km of an industrial wind turbine facility contemplate/vacate their homes.

Hosted by WECC (Wildlife Energy Community Coalition) on April 29, 2021 via a virtual portal. A recording of the meeting is to be posted on their website.

(Slide 18 is revised to clarify the 5 Elements and their relationship to the analysed data and slide 26 provides a reference for slide 25.)

How Wind Turbines Can Harm Human Health

Industrial wind turbine being erected in Haldimand County , 2014 Summerhaven Wind

Carmen Krogh is a published independent researcher. She will be speaking on new research which explores why some people contemplate or vacate homes that are near industrial wind turbine facilities.

Presentation: “Wind Turbines can Harm Humans: Exploring why some contemplate to vacate/abandon their homes.

Carmen Krogh

Presenter: Carmen Krogh (

Date & Time: April 29, 2021 @ 1:00 pm

Location: Virtual (details below)

Recent publication: Grounded Theory as an Analytical Tool to Explore Housing Decisions Related to Living in the Vicinity of Industrial Wind Turbines; March 2021

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Wind Turbine Noise Complaints

Complaint process for wind turbine noise inherited by the Ford government not effective

April 12, 2021

Wind Concerns Ontario has just released its latest report on how the Ontario government has responded to citizen complaints about excessive wind turbine noise from grid-scale wind power projects.

Warning: the contents of this report can make for difficult reading.

The excerpts of comments from people calling into the 24/7 Spills Action Centre telephone line, or sending emails to their local District Office of the Ministry of Environment, Conservation and Parks are an alarming demonstration of the desperation felt by families forced with the wind turbine noise—some of them, for many years.

“We ache all over and can hardly function we are so tired. Please tell us what to do. Please respond.”

“Noise described as a ‘whooing’ sound, both heard and felt.”

“This continues to be horrendous.”

“Caller reports a pulsing roar.”

“This is the 65th time they have called.”

“We can’t go on like this.”

Polluted acoustic environment

One complaint documented was from a technician hired to do monitoring of bat populations near Bow Lake, who questioned whether he/she could continue the work due to the “acoustic pollution” from the wind turbines. The wind turbines were “generating unacceptably intrusive and potentially dangerous noise emissions into the natural environment,” the person reported. This is a “polluted acoustic environment.”

This report is based on Incident Reports created in 2018, received as the result of a request under the Freedom of Information and Privacy Act. The request was filed in January 2019; we received almost 4,000 pages of documents this past March. The report is fourth in a series, examining ministry response back to 2006.

It’s not working

The overarching conclusion from examining the complaint records as a whole is that Ontario’s complaint monitoring process, which the current government inherited from previous administrations, is not working. Key findings:

  • Complaints about wind power projects are part of the process government promised would ensure protection of health and safety. Robust enforcement of the regulations in response to these complaints will fulfill that responsibility.
  • In total, almost 6,000 files of complaints about wind turbine noise, vibration and sound pressure have been released to Wind Concerns by the Ministry of Environment, Conservation and Parks.
  • 39 percent of complaints in 2018 noted adverse health effects.
  • The records show that complaints do not result in real action by the project operators, despite requirements of approvals for the project.
  • The process to accept and record citizen complaints is inconsistent, and information gathered is incomplete.
  • There appears to be no ministry-wide evaluation and review process for citizen complaints about environmental noise produced by wind turbines.
  • The report concludes with recommendations on how the complaint handling process could be improved as an enforcement tool, and could provide opportunities to act on other issues such as electricity costs.

Read the report here: Report on Noise Complaint Response 2018-FINAL.

Vacated Homes & Industrial Wind Turbines

New research about housing decisions and relationship to industrial wind turbines.

Wind turbine installation in Haldimand County. Ontario allows 500 metre set- backs from centre of a home that is not the hosting property.

Grounded Theory as an Analytical Tool to Explore Housing Decisions Related to Living in the Vicinity of Industrial Wind Turbines Carmen M. Krogh1*, Robert Y. McMurtry2, W. B. Johnson3, Anne Dumbrille4, Mariana Alves-Pereira5, Jerry L. Punch6, Debra Hughes7, Linda Rogers8, Robert W. Rand9, Richard James10, Stephen E. Ambrose11, Lorrie Gillis121Magentica Research Group, Member of the Board of Directors, Killaloe, Canada.
2Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, Western University, London, Canada.
3Independent, Winterset, USA.
4Independent, Picton, Canada.
5School of Sciences for Economics and Organizations, Lusofona University, Lisbon, Portugal.
6Department of Communicative Sciences and Disorders, Michigan State University, East Lansing, USA.
7Independent, West Lincoln, Canada.
8Mothers against Wind Turbines, Member of the Board of Directors, Haldimand County, Canada.
9Acoustical Society of America (ASA), Institute of Noise Control Engineering (INCE) Member Emeritus, Brunswick, USA.
10Acoustical Society of America (ASA), Institute of Noise Control Engineering (INCE) through 2017, Okemos, USA.
11Institute of Noise Control Engineering (INCE) Emeritus, Acoustical Society of America (ASA) Emeritus, Windham, USA.
12Independent, Grey Highlands, Canada.

DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1107233 PDF HTML

Abstract Background: Some people living near wind turbines have reported adverse health effects and taken the step to vacate/abandon their homes, while others contemplate doing so or have decided to remain in their homes. Research on the extent and outcomes of these events is lacking. To date, our preliminary findings and an overview of results have been published in the scientific literature. Methods: This study utilized a qualitative methodology, specifically Grounded Theory, to interview 67 residents of Ontario living within 10 km of an industrial wind turbine project. Objectives: Quantitative, qualitative and mixed methods research each has strengths and weaknesses in addressing particular research questions. The purpose of this article is to compare the qualitative and quantitative methodologies and to describe the benefits of having used a qualitative methodology, specifically Grounded Theory, to explore the events that influenced families living within 10 km of wind energy facilities to contemplate vacating their homes and to formulate a substantive theory regarding these housing decisions. Results: It was found that research into the impacts of siting industrial wind turbines in a rural residential population can be challenging for a quantitative methodological approach due to factors such as low population density, obtaining a sufficient sample, and achieving statistical power and statistical significance. We conclude that the Grounded Theory methodology was applicable to this study as it assisted with the development of a coherent theory which explained participants’ housing decisions. Discussion: This paper assesses the appropriateness of a qualitative methodology for conducting the vacated/abandoned home study. Through the utilization of the qualitative Grounded Theory methodology, government authorities, researchers, medical and health practitioners, social scientists and policy makers with an interest in health policy and disease prevention have the opportunity to gain an awareness of the potential risk of placing wind energy projects near family homes.

Keywords Wind Turbines, Vacated/Abandoned Homes, Qualitative

Share and Cite: Krogh, C.M., McMurtry, R.Y., Johnson, W.B., Dumbrille, A., Alves-Pereira, M., Punch, J.L., Hughes, D., Rogers, L., Rand, R.W., James, R., Am- brose, S.E. and Gillis, L. (2021) Grounded Theory as an Analytical Tool to Explore Housing Decisions Related to Living in the Vicinity of Industrial Wind Turbines. Open Access Library Journal, 8, 1-22. doi: 10.4236/oalib.1107233.

DOWNLOAD PAPER: Grounded Theory as an Analytical Tool to Explore Housing Decisions Related to Living in the Vicinity of Industrial Wind Turbines