The end of onshore wind turbines in Poland|Jean-Pierre Riou|December 17, 2018
NB: Original article translated into English
On the eve of COP 24 in Katowice, the 2040 Polish Energy Policy Polityki energetycznej Polski (PEP) was unveiled and will remain in public consultation until 15 January 2019.
While Poland has the privilege of having virtually all of its energy resources on its own soil, it plans an ambitious program to drastically reduce the share of coal to 60% of the electricity mix in 2030 and 30 % by 2040, instead of 80% currently.
The project plans to increase electricity consumption from 165 TWh in 2018 to 232 TWh in 2040.
His presentation highlights the competitive nature of nuclear energy, whose competitiveness must be materialized by the commissioning of 6 additional nuclear power plants starting in 2033 with a new plant every 2 years .
In a forum , Energy Minister Krzysztof Tchorzzwski had mentioned the opportunity for the country, which already has 300 entities in this field, to develop highly qualified jobs.
This energy programming focuses on gas transiently, as well as on renewable energies such as geothermal energy and especially offshore wind and solar energy.
The big surprise is the decision to remove the onshore wind turbines from the Polish landscape by 2040 .
The graph below shows the program of evolution of their installed capacity, starting with a slight increase intended to support the role of the gas before the commissioning of the first nuclear power station. Then their rapid suppression until their near disappearance as early as 2040.
POWER OF TERRESTRIAL WIND POWER PLANTS IN POLAND (in MW)
( Source of the infographic Ministry of Energy )
Energy Minister Krzysztof Tchórzewski justified this choice with strong opposition from the Polish population .
Wind turbines and public health
In an August 2016 opinion , translated into French by “Le Mont Champot”, the Polish Public Health Institute (NIZP) called for a minimum distance between wind turbines and dwellings of 2 km by considering “that wind farms located too close to buildings intended for permanent human habitation are likely to have a negative impact on the well-being and health of people living nearby. “
This opinion mentions in particular the need for a precautionary distance between “1.5-3.0 km, based on the sound level, taking into account the modulation, the low frequencies and the infrasound levels” .
At the time of its publication, the opinion referred to the study of 487 scientific publications on the subject, by a link, broken since: http://www.pzh.gov.pl/wp-content/uploads/2016/03 /Stanowisko-NIZP-PZH-Farmy-wiatrowe-Bibliografia.pdf an extract of the first and last page are reproduced below.
Polish scientists are also not left out on this subject, particularly through studies on the physiological effects of exposure to wind turbines on goose farms and another on pigs , depending on the distance between them. machines and their place of breeding.
In the same year, Poland passed a law prohibiting the construction of wind turbines at a distance of less than 10 times the height of machinery .
Of flexibility to this law had been made this fall at the approach of the COP24.
But the Polish energy policy by 2040 therefore plans to be more protective.
At the opening of COP 24, its president, Michal Kurtyka, imposed a social justice component calling on all participants to sign the ” Silesia Declaration for a Just and Inclusive Transition “, in order to avoid this transition. ecological can be the place of business for some and the burden for others.
By proposing the end of onshore wind turbines, this draft program also recalls that no economic or political objective should prevail over the well-being and health of individuals.
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